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Euclid, The Elements of Euclid (London, 1847), ed. Oliver Byrne

This color-coded, graphical proof of the Pythagorean theorem occurs in a masterpiece of visual presentation and design. Text is dramatically reduced in favor of a strategy of visual thinking. Byrne’s full title reads: The First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid in which coloured diagrams and symbols are used instead of letters for the greater ease of learners.

From the paper pop-ups in the 1570 English edition of Euclid (on display at the Bizzell Memorial Library) to this Victorian edition of Oliver Byrne, the geometry of Euclid seems to attract innovation in pedagogy and information design.

Galileo's World Exhibition Location

Source: History of Science Collections

Section: Renaissance of Discovery

Section Number: 1

Object Number: 11

Subject Area(s): Mathematics, Art, Education

Time Period: 19th Century

Region(s): Europe, London

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Exhibit Gallery OERs

Wondertooneel: Women and Museums

Wondertooneel Learning Leaflet

What were women doing in the museum? 

Levinus Vincent, a wealthy Dutch merchant with ties to the East Indies, created a spectacular 'Chamber of Wonders' natural history museum in Haarlem. Visiting dignitaries admired his museum, including Peter the Great and King Charles III of Spain. The detailed depictions of interior spaces include figures of women engaged in a variety of activities. Museums such as Vincent's offered women opportunities for participation in the natural sciences as donors, collectors, discoverers, visitors, patrons, lecturers and curators. This OER explores the significance of women in these early museums.


Maria Merian: World-Traveling Entomologist

Maria Merian Learning Leaflet

How do art and travel benefit natural history? 

Maria Merian (1647-1717), skilled in both art and natural history, studied the relationships between flowers and insects. She conducted field expeditions around the world, carried out research in gardens and museums, and produced detailed sketches and beautiful paintings, and even bred insects to aid in her entomological investigations.