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Geneva Bible (1560)

The Geneva Bible was the first lay study Bible, written in the vernacular, hand-sized, portable, affordable, and designed with cross-references and explanatory notes for self-study. It was the Bible of Shakespeare, of the Puritans, of settlers in the colonies of New England, and of Scotland. The popularity of the Geneva Bible is evident in the way its verse divisions have endured to this day.

Employing the principle of accommodation, the Reformer Jean Calvin elsewhere commented on Psalm 78:65, which depicts God as a drunken man: “The figure of a drunken man may seem somewhat harsh, but the propriety of using it will appear when we consider that it is employed in accommodation to the stupidity of the people. Had they been of a pure and clear understanding, God would not have transformed himself and assumed a character foreign to his own.”

Galileo's World Exhibition Location

Source: Bizzell Bible Collection

Section: The Bible and Science

Section Number: 1

Object Number: 4

Subject Area(s): Religious Studies, History of the Book, History, Literature

Time Period: 16th Century

Region(s): Europe, Switzerland, England

Exhibit Gallery OERs

The Trial of Galileo

Galileo Trial LL

The story of Galileo’s trial in 1633 intertwines two crucial earlier episodes:

1. Galileo’s encounter with the Inquisition in 1616; and

2. Publication of Galileo’s Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World in 1632. 

Learn more about them in this learning leaflet.


Banned Books of the Scientific Revolution

Banned Books Learning Leaflet

The three most famous banned books of the Copernican revolution, listed in chronological order, are On the Revolutions of Copernicus (1543); a Commentary on the biblical book of Job by Zúñiga, a theologian in Salamanca; and a Letter in defense of Copernicus by the Carmelite monk Paolo Foscarini. Use this learning leaflet to learn more about them.


The Bible and Science: Calvin, Newton & Other Writers

The Bible and Science-Calvin, Newton & Other Writers

How have people understood the relationship between the Bible and Science?

Quotations from various important Christian interpreters about the relationship between the Bible and Science. Aimed at helping learners differentiate between four key frameworks of relating the Bible and Science.


Augustine: The Bible and Science

Augustine-The Bible Science Learning Leaflet

How did Augustine understand the relationship between the Bible and Science?

Saint Augustine discussed the relationship between religion and science in the 5th century. Such views became highly influential throughout the history of science for those interested in explaining the relationship between religion and science. This learning leaflet provides a brief introduction to Augustine's views. Also included is a handout with quotations from Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Isaac Newton regarding the relationship between religion and science.